endemic plants

Galapagos endemic plants

plantas endemicas
Autor: Don Mammoser/

Unlike continental Ecuador, the Galapagos has a greater number of endemic plants throughout the country. These are some of the best-known endemic plants in the Colón archipelago.

Pega Pega (Pisonia Floribunda)

It is a large tree of Santa Cruz Island that can grow up to 15 meters high. Its name "Pega Pega" is due to the fact that its fruits are sticky, a characteristic that helps birds to disperse their seeds. Its flowers are cluster-shaped and are difficult to visualize.

Guayabillo (Psidium Galapageium)

Known as "Guaba de Galapagos", the Guayabillo is a tree that can reach 10 meters high. Its fruit is round which changes color when ripe (from yellow to black). Its flowers are white, small and has elliptical leaves. It can be found on the islands of San Cristóbal, Santa Cruz, Santiago, Isabela, Fernandina and Pinta.

Cat's Claw (Uncaria Tomentosa)

It is a medicinal plant that can be found in humid forests. It has a yellow flower and a stem with thorns that allow it to adhere to other trees.

Darwin's fine-leaved shrub

This shrub can be found in all the Galapagos Islands, from high humid lands to lava fields. It can reach up to 3 meters high, its leaves are dense and alternate. Something very characteristic of this shrub is the pleasant smell that its leaves and flowers emit when crushed. Its flowers are located at the tips of the branches.

Tuna Cactus

This species is an example of adaptation of a plant species, since it has resulted in six species that, in turn, are divided into 14 subspecies. Two very characteristic things of the Tuna Cactus are its stem full of thorns and its peculiarity of its flowers to turn from yellow to orange-red in the shape of a thorn to protect its fruit.

Galapagos tomato

It is a type of grass that has branches with many short hairs easy to find in gardens located in arid, transition and scalesia areas of the Santa Cruz and San Cristóbal islands.

Darwin Cotton

It is unique in the world and can be found on the San Cristóbal, Isabela, Santa Cruz and Floreana Islands. This species can measure up to 3 meters high. Its flowers are bright purple and yellow. Its cotton is used by birds to build their nests, the same that arises when their seeds open.

If you want to know more about the Galapagos flora, visit: Galapagos Flora

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